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Arlington History

Arlington County's name comes from Arlington National Cemetery, whose own name had derived from that of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's former home, Arlington House. The District of Columbia moved to its present location in 1801 and divided into the county of Washington, the east side of the Potomac, and the county of Alexandria, the west side of the Potomac. Alexandria County contained a rural area, an urbanized town and a port. Alexandria's economy stagnated As the U.S. government could not establish any federal offices in the County, and as the economically important Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (C&O Canal) on the north side of the Potomac River favored Georgetown. This stagnation worsened as some of Georgetown's residents opposed federal efforts to maintain the Alexandria Canal, which connected the C&O Canal in Georgetown to Alexandria's port. Further, as they were residents of the District of Columbia, Alexandria's citizens had no representation in Congress and could not vote in federal elections. In addition, Alexandria had become a port and market for the slave trade. As there was increasing talk of abolishing slavery in the nation's capital, some Alexandrians feared that the local economy would suffer if the federal government abolished slavery in the District of Columbia. Simultaneously, there arose in Virginia an active abolitionist movement that created a division on the question of slavery in Virginia's General Assembly (Later, during the Civil War, Virginia's division on the slavery issue contributed to the formation of the state of West Virginia by its most anti-slavery counties). Pro-slavery Virginians recognized that Alexandria County could provide two new representatives who favored slavery in the General Assembly if the County joined the Commonwealth. As a result, a movement grew to separate Alexandria County from the District of Columbia. After a referendum, the county's residents petitioned the U.S. Congress and the Virginia legislature to permit the County to return to Virginia. The area was retroceded to Virginia on July 9, 1846. In 1852, the independent City of Alexandria was incorporated from a portion of Alexandria County. This created an ambiguity, as two separate legal entities had similar names. Alexandria County eventually renamed itself in 1920 to Arlington County.

More information on the history of Arlington County CLICK HERE


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This Arlington County local business directory features local businesses, restaurants, shops, hotels, new house real estate listings, home remodelers, dentists, hair salons, car repair, childcare, local school information and more from all the following parts of Arlington County VA as well as surrounding counties and cities in Virginia including Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Loudon and Washington DC.
Alcova Height
Arlandria
Arlington Forest
Arlington Heights
Arlington Ridge
Arlington View
Arlingwood
Ashton Heights
Aurora Highlands
Ballston
Barcroft
Bellevue Forest
Boulevard Manor
Central Arlington
Bridge Forest
Cherrydale
Claremont
Clarendon
Colonial Terrace
Colonial Village
Columbia Forest
Colombia Heights
Colombia Heights W
Columbia Pike
Courthouse
Courtlands
Crystal City
Dominion Hills
Donaldson Run
Dover-Crystal
Fairlington
Forest Glen
Fort Myer
Glen Carlyn
Gulf-Branch
H.Park Overlee Knolls
Langston-Brown
Leeway Overlee
Lyon Park
Lyon Village
Madison Manor
Maywood
Nauck
New Arl-Douglas Park
North Highlands
Old Dominion
Old Glebe
Parkway
Pentagon City
Rivercrest

Riverwood
Rock Spring

Rosslyn
Shirlington
Stonewall Jackson
Tara-Leeway Heights
Virginia Square
Waverly Hills
Waycroft-Woodlawn
Westover
Williamsburg
Yorktown
22201
22202
22203
22204
22205
22206
22207
22209
22210
22212
22213
22214
22215
22216
22217
22218
22219
22222
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22225
22226
22227
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